INDICATOR DEFINITIONS AND SOURCES FOR 2011:
Infant mortality: Number of deaths in the first year of life per 1000 live births, 2011. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, "Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2011,", NCHS Data Brief, no. 115 (March 2013), 5, at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs.
Child poverty: : Percent of related children under 18 in families living in poverty, 2011. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage: 2011, Historical Poverty Tables, Table3, athttp://www.census.gov.
Child abuse: Number of children involved in referrals for maltreatment per 1000 population ages 0-18, 2011. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Children’s Bureau, Child Maltreatment 2011: Reports from the States to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System(Dec. 16, 2011), Table 2-1, at http://www.childwelfare.gov/can.
Teenage suicide: Number of suicides by persons ages 15-24 per 100,000 population, 2011. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, "Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2011," National Vital Statistics Report, vol. 61, no. 6 (Oct. 10, 2012), Table 7, at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs.
Teenage drug abuse: Percent of twelfth graders who have used any illicit drug in the previous year, 2011. Monitoring the Future (University of Michigan), "Tables and Figures: Drug Trends," Table 2, at http://www.monitoringthefuture.org.
High school dropouts: Percent of persons ages 18-24 who have not finished high school and are not enrolled in school (Status Dropouts), 2011. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, School Enrollment, Historical Tables, Table A-5a, at http://www.census.gov.
Unemployment: Number of unemployed persons as percent of civilian labor force, 2011. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Labor Force Statistics: Unemployment, Annual Tables, Table 1 at http://stats.bls.gov.
Weekly wages: Average weekly earnings, total private (1982-84 dollars), 2011. Economic Report of the President 2013 (2011), Table B-47, at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/eop.
Health insurance coverage: Percent of total population that is uninsured, 2011. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage: 2011, Historical Health Insurance Tables, Table HIB-1, at http://www.census.gov.
Poverty, ages 65 and over: Percent of the population 65 and over living in poverty, 2011. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage: 2011, Historical Poverty Tables, Table 3, at http://www.census.gov.
Out-of-pocket health cost, ages 65 and over: Percent of before-tax income spent on health care by elderly households. Health-care expenditures, 2011: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, Table 3, at http://www.stats.bls.gov/cex. Median income, households over age 65, 2011: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, Table HINC-01, at http://www.census.gov. Calculations by the Institute.
Homicides: Number of murders and non-negligent manslaughters per 100,000 population, 2011. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Report, Crime in the United States 2011 , Table 1, at http://www.fbi.gov/ucr
Alcohol-related traffic fatalities: Percent of all traffic fatalities that were alcohol-related (highest blood alcohol concentration in the crash was .01 gram per deciliter or higher), 2011. "Fatal Motor Vehicle Traffic Crashes, by State and the Highest BAC in the Crash: 2011 Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS)—ARF" Personal communication from Data Reporting & Information Division, National Center for Statistics & Analysis, National Highway Safety Administration.
Food insecurity: Percent of households that were "food insecure" (meaning that they did not have regular access to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members), 2011. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Household Food Security in the United States, 2011 (Sept. 2012), Table 1A at http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications.
Affordable housing: Affordability score on Housing Affordability Index—All Buyers (based on 25 percent qualifying ratio of monthly housing expense of a median priced home with a 20 percent down-payment to gross income, as percent of median family income), 2011. National Association of Realtors, Quarterly Housing Affordability Index: All Buyers, at http://www.realtor.org.
Income inequality: Gini coefficient, 2011. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2010 (Sept. 2011), Table A-3, at http://www.census.gov.